Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by bacteria and spreads through sexual contact. It affects both men and women equally and is one of the most common curable STDs. The infection affects the cervix and vagina in women and the urethra in men. It also can affect the anus, eyes, and throat of both genders.
Very often chlamydia causes no symptoms at all, making it extremely important to get tested regularly. In the relatively rare cases when it does cause symptoms, women might experience abdominal pain, vaginal discharge that is yellow and smells foul, a low-grade fever, painful intercourse, and burning with urination. Men might experience pain during urination, along with watery, milky, or pus discharge from their penis, and swelling or tenderness of their testicles.
Chlamydia should be treated promptly as it can lead to long-term health problems, including infertility in women. Treatment will typically involve a round of antibiotics for both partners. It is important to abstain from sexual intercourse during treatment.