Azelaic Acid is a topical treatment for pregnant women with mild to moderate acne. Like many acids, it helps to exfoliate the skin. It helps keep pores clean and therefore helps fight acne. Azelaic Acid also has some antibacterial properties which contribute to its ability to help prevent breakouts, but can also help prevent and calm inflammation for people with rosacea.
Glycolic acid is an AHA or alpha hydroxy acid, a water-soluble ingredient that brightens skin and evens tone. Glycolic acid exfoliates the outermost layer of dead skin cells to let new skin show through. This improves the reflection of light on the skin, making it luminescent. When used at the right percentage it’s a gentle way to exfoliate the skin.
Glycolic acid helps fight and prevent acne by getting deep into hair follicles to loosen and unstick trapped bacteria and grime. Clean skin and unclogged pores mean a clearer, brighter complexion.
Derived from willow bark and closely related to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), salicylic acid’s anti-inflammatory properties make it a skin soother to neutralize the effects of other skin or acne treatments. Salicylic acid works best on blackheads and whiteheads.
Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and is found in topical skin care products. Prescription Retin-A is a more powerful alternative. Retinol enhances collagen production and evens out skin tone. Because it works below the skin’s surface, retinol can aid to reduce acne scars while it treats existing acne and helps prevent outbreaks.
Benzoyl peroxide is a medication that treats mild to moderate acne. It works by destroying bacteria to reduce the number and severity of acne lesions. This medication is sometimes combined with other medications like salicylic acid for added benefits.
Benzoyl peroxide works as an exfoliating agent by removing a mixture of sebum and dead skin cells from pores to increase skin turnover. It is effective against blackheads, whiteheads, and large red pimples.