When a woman is taking birth control pills properly, she will not ovulate. Ovulation stops because the hormones in the birth control pill prevent ovulation from occurring.
Birth control pills are effective because they interfere with the hormones that initiate the process of ovulation. Preventing ovulation is one of the main ways that birth control pills help to prevent pregnancy. The birth control pill provides a steady supply of estrogen and/or progestin. These hormones help stop the ovulation process and prevents the egg from being released from the ovary.
Ovulation refers to the release of a mature egg from the female ovary. This process occurs every month in a healthy and fertile woman. For most women with regular cycles, ovulation occurs about two weeks before the first day of menstruation. Not ovulating means that she will not release an egg that can be fertilized by sperm, which leads to pregnancy.
The egg is viable for 12-24 hours after being released from the ovary. If a woman has had unprotected sex, either 4-5 days before ovulation or up to 2 days after, there is a chance she will get pregnant. Sperm is viable for up to 5 days in the female reproductive system. Technically speaking, the window of fertility is about 6 days. This window includes 4 days prior to ovulation and 2 days after ovulation.
The primary goal of the pill and other combination birth control methods is to prevent the woman’s body from releasing an egg. This is how birth control pills prevent conception. However, it is important to remember to take your pill on time for it to be effective. When using the pill, women have to remember to take it every day around the same time. If used as recommended, birth control pill will effectively prevent pregnancy.