To prevent chlamydia, use latex condoms every time you have sex unless you know your partner is STI-free. While condoms can’t provide 100% protection, they reduce the risk of transmission. In addition, you should get tested regularly for STIs to help protect yourself and your sexual partners.
How Chlamydia Is Transmitted
Chlamydia is transmitted when a mucous membrane comes into contact with vaginal fluids, semen, or the mucous membrane secretions from an infected person. It spreads primarily through vaginal or anal sex. Oral sex is not a common cause of transmission.
Additional Chlamydia Prevention Methods
In addition to condoms, you can use a few other methods to further reduce your risk of contracting chlamydia:
- Get tested for STIs: Know your status as well as the status of your sexual partners. Talk about your results, and seek treatment for current infections.
- Limit high risk activities: As your number of partners increases, so does your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs.
- Be aware of drug and alcohol use: If you choose to use drugs or alcohol, do so responsibly to reduce the chance that you could engage in risky sexual activity.
- Avoid douching: The vagina maintains healthy bacteria levels on its own. Douching can remove this bacteria and increase your risk of getting chlamydia and other STIs.
Even if you practice safe sex, remember that the best way to protect yourself is to get tested regularly.