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Birth Control

What Are Over-the-Counter Birth Control Methods?

Provided to men and women without a prescription, over-the-counter (OTC) birth control methods are easily accessible. OTC options are often the first birth control method used when a man or woman begins having sex. Some OTC options you may have heard of, but others may not be as familiar. Condoms…

What Are Natural Birth Control Methods?

Natural birth control methods are ways to prevent pregnancy without using hormones or birth control devices such as condoms. However, these strategies are generally less effective than many other contraceptives. Fertility Awareness Fertility awareness-based methods offer a way to prevent pregnancy naturally by tracking your…

What Are the Different Types of Birth Control Methods?

There are many types of birth control, including hormonal, permanent, emergency, barrier, and natural methods. Deciding which one is best for you is a personal decision that you must make based on your health needs and each method’s effectiveness rate. Hormonal Birth Control The following birth control methods use hormones to…

What Are the Risks for Women Over 40 Who Use Birth Control?

Once a woman reaches her 40s, her risk for certain health conditions, such as pulmonary embolism and stroke, might increase if she continues to use birth control. However, most healthy women over 40 who do not smoke cigarettes can use hormonal contraceptives such as the birth control…

What Are the Birth Control Options for Women Over 40?

Women over 40 can use a variety of hormonal and nonhormonal contraceptive options, including the birth control pill, patch, ring, shot, IUDs, condoms, and diaphragms. Some factors might influence birth control choices for women this age, including perimenopausal symptoms, lower fertility rates, desire for children (or lack…

What Medications Decrease the Effectiveness of Birth Control Pills?

Several medications and supplements, including antibiotics, anticonvulsants, antiretroviral therapy, protease inhibitors, and St. John’s wort, can decrease the effectiveness of birth control pills. It’s important to use backup birth control if there’s a chance the meds you’re taking could affect your birth control’s ability to prevent pregnancy.

How Do I Switch to a New Birth Control Pill?

With a few exceptions, you can switch to a new birth control pill by starting your new pack after finishing the last pill pack of your previous pills. You might experience temporary side effects while adjusting to your new pill. New Pill Timing In most cases, you can…

Does Taking Birth Control Pills Long Term Cause Infertility?

No, taking birth control pills does not cause any chronic issues with fertility. In fact, studies have shown that women who have recently ceased birth control have the same chances of getting pregnant as women in the general population. You can take birth control for years and still be just…

Do I Need to Take a Break From Using Birth Control Pills Every Once in a While?

There is no need to take a break from using birth control pills— they are safe to use indefinitely, as long as your healthcare provider determines they’re a healthy option for you. Some women have a misconception that they’ll develop a tolerance to the hormones (meaning they’d need to take…

What Are the Different Types of Hormonal Birth Control?

There are two main types of hormonal birth control — the combination hormonal birth control and the progestin-only birth control. Combination birth control delivers doses of both estrogen and progestin, while progestin-only methods contain only progestin. Both options have 99% effectiveness when used correctly, and you also have a wide…

Is Skipping My Period With the Pill Safe?

It is entirely safe to skip your period by using birth control pills. This is because taking birth control pills virtually eliminates the need to have a period. During your monthly period, your body eliminates the thick lining of your uterus as well as the unused egg. However, when you’re…

How Do I Minimize the Side Effects of Birth Control?

Birth control containing hormones can cause a number of side effects at first until your body adjusts to the medication. This process usually takes about three months. During that time, here are some of the side effects you might experience as well as how to stop them. Nausea Most women…

What Is Hormonal Birth Control?

Hormonal birth control is a method of contraception that delivers concentrated doses of hormones to prevent you from getting pregnant. There are two main kinds: combination hormonal birth control, which uses estrogen and progestin, and progestin-only birth control, which uses just progestin. Hormonal birth control works by: Stopping ovulation so…

What Are the Different Types of Estrogen?

There are four different types of estrogen: estrone, estradiol, estriol, and estetrol. Together, these hormones are responsible for the maturation and growth of a woman’s reproductive system and the development of secondary sex characteristics. Here is a quick overview of each type: Estrone Estrone (E1) is a weak estrogen that…

What is Estrogen’s Role in the Body?

Estrogen is a hormone that is essential for the growth and development of the female body. Estrogen leads to many of the changes that female bodies undergo at puberty, like the growth of breasts, the maturation of the reproductive system, and the beginning of menstruation. Estrogen is produced by the…

What is Estrogen?

Women produce two key sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen has many physiological functions in the body and plays a critical role in reproduction and women’s physical development. Women also produce testosterone, but in very low amounts. Together, estrogen and testosterone play a very important role in the growth and…

How Long Does It Take to Get Pregnant After Stopping Birth Control?

How long it takes to get pregnant after stopping birth control depends on the type of birth control method you’ve been using, but it can range from immediately to more than a year. With hormonal birth control, most women have no issue with getting pregnant after they stop taking it.

Are There Reasons Other Than Pregnancy for Missing a Period?

While pregnancy is the most common reason for missing a period, there are other possible causes. These include: Intense exercise or significant weight loss. Women who exercise intensely or have sudden changes in body weight can experience low levels of the hormone estrogen, which can result in missed periods. Obesity: Just…

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